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MIPRO 2019 - 42nd International Convention

SSRCI - Smart, Sustainable and Resilient Cities and Infrastructures

Thursday, 5/23/2019 10:30 AM - 1:00 PM, Collegium, Grand hotel Adriatic, Opatija
Thursday, 5/23/2019 3:00 PM - 5:30 PM, Collegium, Grand hotel Adriatic, Opatija

Event program
Thursday, 5/23/2019 10:30 AM - 1:00 PM,
Collegium, Grand hotel Adriatic, Opatija
10:30 AM - 11:00 AMKeynote 
Adrian Boukalov (European Alliance of Innovation, Gent, Belgium)
Socio-technological Systems and Solutions for Smart Cities, Regions and Islands. Research, Innovation and Cooperation - Challenges and Opportunities

The keynote addresses research and innovation challenges of Smart Cities, Islands and Regions. It presents the main European initiatives, research programmes and highlights the importance of multidisciplinary research and research cooperation including systematic, societal and ethical aspects. It discusses the importance of international dialog between research community, stakeholders, national and international forums for the development of international multidisciplinary research collaboration platform, research programs, strategies and lab. 
11:00 AM - 1:00 PMPapers 
1.W. Brenner, N. Adamovic (TU Wien, Institute of Sensor and Actuator Systems, Vienna, Austria)
Creating Sustainable Solutions for Photovoltaics 
The European legislation proactively pushes forward the development of a green solution that is expected to master the issue of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) including Photovoltaic (PV) waste. Growing PV panel waste causes a new environmental challenge, but on the other hand opportunities to create value and new economic paths. Nowadays, the recycling of crystalline modules is still limited by economic barriers. The paper presents the visions of the European projects FP7 SolarDesign and H2020 CABRISS contributing on the one hand to Building Integrated PV and on the other hand to the transition to a more circular economy throughout the PV’s life-cycle. This covers the phases from production to the creation of markets for waste-derived raw materials. Proactive involvement of European standardization bodies guarantees validity of results for the market.
2.L. Faramondi, G. Oliva, L. Ardito, A. Crescenzi, M. Caricato (Università Campus Bio-Medico, Roma, Italy), M. Tesei (RFI, Roma, Italy), A. Onetti Muda, R. Setola (Università Campus Bio-Medico, Roma, Italy)
Use of Drone to Improve Healthcare Efficiency and Sustainability 
The healthcare system is largely changing in the last years moving towards a structure where high specialized centers are surrounded by several no-specialized small structure dispersed in the territory. Generally small structures are not equipped with advance diagnostic tools so as they do not have high specialized professionals. Consequently when required, they have to resort to specialized structures. This, among other, is the case of Intra-operative consultations. Classical ways to face such issues include medical cars bringing samples or personnel from one hospital to another. Such solutions have high costs for equipment, under-usage of resources, and high environmental impact. Telemedicine could represent a valid solution, but it does not avoid the costs for equipment and technicians in each hospital. A different and more efficient solution can be the use of drones, suitable equipped, to carry over distance non-fixed samples. In this paper we illustrate the possible architecture, compare the efficiency and effectiveness of the solution with respect to state of art and provide some preliminary experimental results able to emphasize the feasibility of the proposed solution.
3.L. Faramondi (Università Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy), P. Bragatto (INAIL, Rome, Italy), C. Fiorevanti (Università Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy), M. Gnoni (Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy), S. Guarino, R. Setola (Università Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy)
A Privacy-Oriented Solution for the Improvement of Workers Safety 
Increase the safety of workers, especially in complex and potential dangerous situations, is a mandatory task. To this end, in the very last years there has been a large interest to complement actual passive solutions with IoT based system in order to provide context related awareness information. Indeed well informed workers can better manage anomalous conditions so as avoid dangerous situations. Unfortunately the large part of the solutions proposed in the literature have difficulties to be accepted because they have implicitly mechanism that, even if only in potential, should be used to monitoring the workers’ activities. To avoid such drawbacks, inside the SmartBench project we propose a full distributed solution where all the detailed information are managed only at local level hence avoiding any possible incorrect abuse of the data. More in details, using an architecture based on deployed and wearable sensors, the system is able to provide to the worker information about the environmental status but also to recognize possible hazardous situations. In order to design a solution able to be implemented with limited effort, the system largely use BLE protocols. To this end we had to create a specific framework to overcome the limit on concurrent BLE connections creating a round-robin schema. Moreover the deployed sensors operate also an anchor to improve worker localization and as data emergency repository to speed up rescue activities.
4.F. Holik (University of Pardubice, Pardubice, Czech Republic), U. Roedig (University College Cork, Cork, Ireland), N. Race (Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom)
LoRa-SDN: Providing Wireless IoT Edge Network Functions via SDN 
Large-scale Internet of Things (IoT) deployments such as smart cities and smart grids are becoming reality. In these topologies, extensive numbers of wireless devices transmit data to gateways that forward the collected data to back-end systems over a fixed network infrastructure – the core network. It is likely that in the near future the core network will utilize software-defined networking (SDN), as it has happened in data centres and networks of service providers. This enables simplified deployment of network functions and dynamic reactions to observed network conditions. This paper explores how SDN mechanisms can be applied beyond the traditional core network to include wireless IoT edge networks as well. The most popular IoT technology – Long Range (LoRa) – was selected as the main use case technology. The paper describes the LoRa integration with SDN and proposes the LoRa-SDN integration architecture.
5.B. Mihajlovski (South East European University, Tetova, Macedonia), B. Fetaji (University Mother Teresa, Skopje, Macedonia), L. Abazi, M. Fetaji (South East European University, Tetova, Macedonia)
Analyses of Ecological and Energy Footprint as Indicators of Energy Management in the Transition to Sustainability Using Social Networks 
The aim of this research study was to investigate Energy Management issues (increased energy use, limited raw fuel reserves, global warming, etc.) and then develop and increase awareness and perception of the Ecological and Energy Footprint as indicators of sustainability and Energy Management. The model developed for this purpose is called the Ecological and Energy Footprint Analysis Model (EEFAM) which offers metrics for comparing the Ecological and Energy Footprint with the available Bio-capacity. Case Study has been chosen. As research method used questionnaire, and methodology used was grounded theory where we will collect different data from the Ministry of Ecology and later process them using different Software Tools. Findings, issues and recommendations have been provided, discussed and argumented.
6.M. Jadric, M. Cukusic, D. Pavlic (Ekonomski fakultet u Splitu, Split, Croatia)
Review of Discrete Simulation Modelling Use in the Context of Smart Cities 
The continuous urbanization and technological advancement forces city planners to be more creative and supported by approaches that enable an abstract perspective on the complex reality as recent studies have demonstrated. The need to plan integral systems that can process massive amounts of data (for services such as smart parking, smart mobility provision, real-time monitoring, or citizen safety/security management); the great availability of different commercial ICT solutions; and the need for devising new business models and services – all pose a real challenge for city planners. The described context is an ideal one for using concepts, models and tools from (discrete) simulation domain. The paper systematically reviews relevant studies where discrete event simulation has been used to support the design of the enabling ICT infrastructure for smart cities, either as a tool to predict the impact on user behaviors for the purpose of improving (key) urban business processes or to devise complex what-if scenarios related to present-day smart city challenges. Following the literature review, the studies are mapped to eight different categories (engagement and community, economic development and housing, energy, waste, water, mobility, security, and healthcare) followed by the discussion and identification of the promising scenarios for decision making in these specific areas.
7.L. Tišljarić, T. Carić, T. Erdelić, M. Erdelić (Fakultet prometnih znanosti, Zagreb, Croatia)
Traffic State Estimation Using Speed Profiles and Convolutional Neural Networks 
Determining the traffic state is one of the most attractive problems for experts in the field of Intelligent transport systems (ITS). In this paper, a deep learning model for determining the traffic state is presented. Model is based on convolutional neural networks (CNN) and uses weekly speed profiles as training data. The proposed model consists of input and output layer with an addition to three convolution layers, three pooling layers and two fully connected layers that are extracting important features and classifying intersections as congested or not congested. We analyze data and predict traffic state for the most relevant intersections in the city of Zagreb as capital and by far largest city in Croatia. Speed profiles from all approaches entering the intersections are represented as one image and used to train CNN. In that way traffic state for the intersection and all of it approaches is estimated. The proposed method achieves a classification accuracy of more than 90%. The results show that CNN trained with traffic images can be used as a tool for traffic state estimation.
8.J. Pivar, N. Vlahović (Ekonomski fakultet Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia)
Stakeholder Support as Critical Success Factor in Adopting Big Data Technologies for Smart Cities 
Smart city is a city seeking to address public issues using innovative information and communication technology, including big data technology, supported by various stakeholders. By using big data technology, city management can get various insights, make conclusions about citizens and cities’ infrastructure, and make decisions to improve the quality of life of a city. In context of adopting big data technology for smart cities, stakeholders play an important role. The main goal of this research is to detect which group of stakeholders is crucial for big data technology adoption in cities. The research is based on current literature overview and recommendations for cities regarding stakeholders, with the focus on citizens. In addition, a case study of city of Darmstadt, Germany which is the adopter of big data technology, will be described and analyzed to investigate some of the good practices regarding smart city projects. Based on the Importance-Performance Map Analysis, support from citizens and citizen organization for technology adoption initiatives are recognized as most important. However, their support is perceived very low by city management. Therefore, this paper aims to provide guidelines for city management regarding activities related to citizens as the crucial group of stakeholders for successful implementation of smart city initiatives.
Thursday, 5/23/2019 3:00 PM - 5:30 PM,
Collegium, Grand hotel Adriatic, Opatija
3:00 PM - 5:30 PMPapers 
1.A. Barisic (Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia), V. Amaral (NOVA-LINCS, Caparica, Portugal), M. Challenger (University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium)
Enhancing Occupants Comfort and Well-being through a Smart Office Setup 
A smart office, a particular case of Building Automation, represents a physical environment enriched with sensing, actuation, communication and computation capabilities aiming at acquiring and exploiting knowledge about the environment and its inhabitants. A fundamental goal of smart offices is to ensure a comfortable working environment as well as adapting to the circumstances related to optimizing specific variables which indicate the safety and energy efficiency of the office, as well as the health and productivity of its occupants. In this position paper, we illustrate a representative system by exploring emerging technologies, which presents a unique set of challenges and opportunities to research a new generation of software control systems, by supporting non-intrusive interfaces, that put the occupant’s at the center of the system’s concerns, by focusing on comfort and well-being while still leveraging the occupants’ behavior.
2.L. Franchina (Italian Association of Critical Infrastructures' Experts, Rome, Italy), A. Socal (Italian Association of Critical Infrastructures' Experts, Preganziol (TV), Italy)
Innovative Predictive Model for Smart City Security Risk Assessment 
In a Smart City, new technologies such as big data analytics, data fusion and artificial intelligence will increase awareness by measuring a large amount of phenomena and storing a huge amount of data. 5G will allow communication of these data among different infrastructures instantaneously. In a Smart City, security aspects are going to be a major concern. Some drawbacks, such as vulnerabilities of a highly integrated system and information overload, must be taken into account. In order to overcome these downsides, an innovative predictive model for Smart City security risk assessment has been developed. Risk metrics and indicators are defined by taking into account data coming from a wide range of sensors. An innovative “what if” algorithm is introduced in order to identify critical infrastructures functional relationship. Therefore, it is possible to evaluate the effects of an incident that involves one infrastructure over the others.
3.M. Mimica, G. Krajačić (FSB, Zagreb, Croatia), D. Medved (Ericsson Nikola Tesla d.d., Rijeka, Croatia), D. Jardas (REA Kvarner, Rijeka, Croatia)
Digitalization and Smart islands in the Kvarner Archipelago 
Currently, in the European Union there are two major initiatives that address the issue of sustainable development of the islands. Top-down initiative coming from the Declaration on Clean energy for EU islands and bottom up Smart Islands initiative. Both initiatives consider islands as living labs that can host innovative pilot projects and lead Europe's transition into a sustainable and low carbon environment. Following objectives of both initiatives Croatian government pass a law on islands that supports development of smart islands. The paper presents comprehensive review of studies, projects, policy documents and scientific publications related to Smart Islands development in Kvarner archipelago which can be used as a model for implementing new sustainable technology on the islands. It also provides expert recommendations for digitalization in several sectors crucial for the development of islands and integrated approach to management of island resources.
4.I. Zajc (IBM, Ljubljana, Slovenia), R. Sernec (AV Living Lab, Ljubljana, Slovenia), G. Lenart, A. Pucihar (University of Maribor, Kranj, Slovenia)
Autonomous Mobility and User Perception: A Case of City as a Lab in Slovenia 
Autonomous vehicles have the potential to disrupt entire transport industry. Technology of autonomous vehicles offers many potential opportunities as for example reduction of road accidents, less congestions and the amount of all vehicles. Beside significant contribution to cleaner environment, fully autonomous vehicles also bring new social element as it enables mobility for all. Fully autonomous vehicles also bring an important change in the ownership model and it moves toward rental models. Rental model brings many advantages to the users as for example avoiding costs for maintenance, parking place etc … However, on the other side, the use of digital technologies in combination with autonomous vehicles enable owners to develop innovative business models. To explore the potential of autonomous vehicles, AV Living Lab has been established in Ljubljana BTC City, which is one of the biggest shopping and entertainment centers in Europe. The AV Living lab was created to test and learn about real life solutions for implementation of autonomous vehicles and to test latest advanced technologies with real users, real cars, real roads and real interactions. In this paper, we describe AV Living lab ecosystem and operational concept.
5.V. Rosato, A. Tofani, A. Di Pietro, M. Pollino, S. Giovinazzi, L. Lavalle, G. D'Agostino (ENEA, Roma, Italy)
The European Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Centre (EISAC) Initiative and Its Technological Assets 
The European Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Centre (EISAC) initiative has been launched in the FP7 CIPRNet project to empower the Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) program aiming at supporting Public Authorities and Infrastructure Operators. The Italian node relies on several technological systems: among them, a new Decision Support System called CIPCast enabling risk forecast due to natural events. CIPCast provides Operators and other Emergency Management players of a crisis assessment, from the identification of disrupted assets (e.g., buildings, electrical networks, pipelines, cables, roads) to the measure of the expected impact of services outages on citizens. The CIPCast system is described with its available functionalities and used to analyze synthetic critical scenarios in the city of Roma, related to flooding and earthquake.
6.M. Zysińska (Motor Transport Institute, Warsaw, Poland)
Comparative Analysis of the Selected Practices in the Field of Urban Logistics of the Polish Cities 
Migration to the cities is a trend observed also in Poland that is expected to continue in the near future. Increasing level of motoring and freight being carried in most of the Polish cities is causing serious transport problems. Bottlenecks, delivery obstacles, congestion, traffic jams and air pollutions require prompt organizational and technological intervention. The article starts a discussion about the condition of the urban logistics in Poland, comparing various models existing in the selected Polish cities. The article presents main directions of changes in the urban logistics observed in the Polish cities over the last years. This is supported by the analysis of the implemented urban mobility strategies, sustainable urban transport strategies as well as various statistics at the national, regional and local level. The author outlines the barriers and obstacles in the planning and implementing of the modern urban logistical solutions. The article includes also the findings and recommendation for the Polish cities in the field of urban logistics. The low-emission forms of transport that meet Euro 6 standard should be preferred. The purchase of vehicles with alternative propulsion systems and related infrastructure will be the priority. It concerns not only these cities where the tram and underground systems do not exist. The author emphasizes, however, that there is still a lack of long-term investment plans in the field of logistics and freight transport in so-called smart cities. The first studies and official documents in the field of smart city and urban logistics were adopted in Poland in the year 2010. Most of the barriers related to the implementation of solutions in the field of intelligent transportation systems and urban logistics are still due to the lack of knowledge about the methods of developing the so-called intelligent city and problems to be solved. The majority of municipal and local government authorities, despite the declared enthusiasm for the smart city concept, prefer traditional infrastructure investments, instead of joint and interdisciplinary planning of the combined organizational and technological solutions tailored to the needs of a specific city. There is an urgent need to introduce regulations limiting freight traffic in the Polish cities, road tolls depending on emissivity, payloads, parking infrastructure. There should be rules planned determining time windows in the urban transport, organizing in-city consolidation centres, etc. The paper includes recommendations for creating Urban Vehicle Access Regulation Schemes for the Polish cities. The author also pointed out a need to monitor comprehensively the solutions in the field of urban logistics and urban freight transport of the Polish cities using socio-economic analysis tools. The selected methods of evaluating the urban logistics solutions, incl. comparative best practices analysis, have been discussed.
7.F. Molinari (., Massa, Italy), B. Kovacic (University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia)
Unleashing the Power of Urban Living Labs to Make our Cities Humanly Smart 
Modern Cities are the protagonists of at least three distinct revolutions: demographic, technological and psycho-social. Their combination makes it so that the Smart City concept can deliver its promises (maybe) only in the large metropolises with more than 10 million inhabitants. However, less than 10% of global population in 2030 will live in megalopolises, while more than 25% will reside in cities having less than 500.000 inhabitants. There is evidence that the Urban Living Labs approach is a viable alternative to the Smart City concept for the smaller sized cities to grasp the benefits of collective creativity and innovation in a more frugal manner. Building on this evidence, we can conclude that Urban Living Labs have the power of unleashing the collective creativity and innovative capacity of citizens to provide better and more inclusive solutions to urban problems, while at the same time engaging the people constructively for the common good. This can work as an alternative and more frugal option to the Smart City concept, particularly in the smaller sized communities where a quarter of global population still resides.
8.H. Abdeltawab, A. Mohamed (Penn State Altoona, Altoona, United States)
The Potential of Mobile Energy Storage in Microgrids 
A mobile (transportable) energy storage system (MESS) can provide various services in distribution systems including load levelling, peak shaving, reactive power support, renewable energy integration and transmission deferral. Unlike stationary energy storage units, mobile energy storage can move between different buses by truck to provide different local services within the distribution feeder. This work proposes a day-ahead energy management system (EMS) for a MESS that aims to minimize the cost of the power imported from the grid. The MESS does not only shift renewable energy power to load peak-hours but also can provide localized reactive power support. Given the day-ahead predictions, the EMS decided the optimal MESS stations in the feeder and the operating power. The applicability of the proposed scheduling and operation algorithms is tested on a typical 41-bus radial feeder.

Basic information:

Adrian Boukalov (Belgium), Dragan Čišić (Croatia)

Steering Committee:

Miimu Airaksinen (Finland), Darko Jardas (Croatia), Pekka Kess (Finland), Srećko Krile (Croatia), Paul Timmers (UK)

Program Committee:

Radoslav Delina (Slovakia), Bojan Hlača (Croatia), Goran Krajačić (Croatia), Thor Moen (Norway), Dario Ogrizović (Croatia), Mile Pavlić (Croatia), Andreja Pucihar (Slovenia), Vittorio Rosato (Italy)

Registration / Fees:
Price in EUR
Up to 6 May 2019
From 7 May 2019
Members of MIPRO, EAI and IEEE
Students (undergraduate and graduate), primary and secondary school teachers

The discount doesn't apply to PhD students.


Adrian Boukalov
EAI Smart Cities Cluster Leader
EAI Belgium
Begijnhoflaan 93a
B-9000 Gent, Belgium


Dragan Čišić
University of Rijeka
Faculty of Maritime Studies
Studentska ulica 2
HR-51000 Rijeka, Croatia

GSM: +385 98 219 600

Presented papers will be submitted for publication in Springer or EAI Core Series.



Opatija, with its 170-year-old tourism tradition, is the leading seaside resort of the Eastern Adriatic and one of the most famous tourist destinations on the Mediterranean. With its aristocratic architecture and style, Opatija has been attracting artists, kings, politicians, scientists, sportsmen, as well as business people, bankers and managers for more than 170 years.

The tourist offer in Opatija includes a vast number of hotels, excellent restaurants, entertainment venues, art festivals, superb modern and classical music concerts, beaches and swimming pools – this city satisfies all wishes and demands.

Opatija, the Queen of the Adriatic, is also one of the most prominent congress cities in the Mediterranean, particularly important for its ICT conventions, one of which is MIPRO, which has been held in Opatija since 1979, and has attracted more than a thousand participants from over forty countries. These conventions promote Opatija as one of the most desirable technological, business, educational and scientific centers in South-eastern Europe and the European Union in general.

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